The mining industry – promise of wealth or ever growing inequality? | Mozambique
Answer the questions:
- What continent and country the video has been filmed in?
- What are the problems that coal production has caused there?
- Who are the people in the video? What are they aiming at with their action?
Generate ideas for the topic of your own video:
- How is the theme of the video you watched linked to your own country?
- What would you like to know more about?
- What could be the issue that you think one should have an impact on in your own country?
Background information on the theme
Fossil fuels, i.e., oil, coal, natural gas and peat are the most significant cause of climate change. The energy sector covers approximately 72% of all emissions worldwide.
Decomposing plants and other organisms, buried beneath layers of sediment and rock, have taken millennia to become the carbon-rich deposits we now call fossil fuels. These non-renewable fuels, supply about 80 percent of the world’s energy. They provide electricity, heat, and transportation, while also feeding the processes that make a huge range of products, from steel to plastics. Governments around the world are now engaged in efforts to ramp down greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels to prevent the worst effects of climate change. A shift away from fossil fuels towards renewable energy is inevitable.
Renewable energies include solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy, geothermal energy and biomass energy. Improving energy efficiency and recovering waste heat energy are important aspects along with the transition from fossil fuels to renewables. Bioenergy is often considered as a replacement for fossil fuels. It might have its place in covering the heat demand during winters but as a replacement for all fossil energy, biomass fractions are not a sustainable solution in terms of climate or nature. In the transition to renewable energy, justice issues must be taken into account – this means that it needs to be ensured that people who have worked in fossil industry find new jobs and that the costs of the transition do not fall upon low income households.
Many developing countries such as China and India have made significant investments in renewable energy. India's goal is to be the third largest solar energy producer in the world. At the moment, India is building so many solar energy plants that when the sun is shining, the amount of electricity they produce is equivalent to hundred nuclear power plants. China, on the other hand, has become the world's biggest investor in renewable energy. The country has just suspended the construction of hundred large coal power plants, and the growth in carbon dioxide emissions has stagnated a few years ago.